ICT in EU
The European Union has a long and successful tradition in fundamental, basic or applied research in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). European developments in several ICT areas are extensive and the infrastructure, the human capital and resources (academic / research / industrial) in the underpinning research and application fields, are extremely rich in Europe. EU-funded research in ICT (but also in many cases the national-funded one) has brought and will actually continue bringing substantial and highly promising research results to address several societal challenges (i.e. in Health, Energy, Transport, Climate Change, Inclusion, etc.).
However, research and innovation in the ICT domain continuous to face significant challenges. The rapid increase in complexity of modern systems and human infrastructures has placed strong demands on the requirements for the development and mostly the rapid adoption of highly innovative ICT products and services in several sector and global markets. Moreover, research and industrial cooperation at international level is highly necessary for Europe to address challenges of mutual interest together with its counterparts and thus, safeguard the adoption of EU ICT products and services on a global scale.
Horizon 2020 is the new EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation 2014 – 2020, with over €70 billion budget. All SEA countries are eligible to participate in Horizon 2020 with their EU partners. Most SEA countries are even eligible for funding. The Work Programme for 2014-2015 has been announced already, including “ICT - Leadership in Key Enabling and Industrial Technologies”.
In Horizon 2020, ICT is integrated into the three pillars: ICT in Excellent Science, ICT in Societal Challenges and ICT in Industrial Leadership:
ICT in Excellent Science pillar supports the best science. It is about:
fostering novel ideas
nurturing emerging themes and communities
integrating and accessing to national research infrastructures
development, deployment and operation of e-infrastructures
Leadership in Key Enabling and Industrial Technologies pillar mainly supports the following ICT topics:
- new generation of components and systems
- advanced computing
- Future internet (infrastructure, technologies and services)
- content technologies and information management
- key enabling technologies: micro- and nanoelectronic technologies, photonics
- ICT for manufacturing and Factory of the Future
ICT in Societal Challenges pillar encompass the following grand challenges that are common for many countries in the world:
health and well being
smart, green and integrated transport
climate and resource efficiency
water and waste management
inclusive, innovative and reflective society